Discovery of Bronze Age Warrior’s Kit Sheds New Light on an Epic Prehistoric Battle

A knife, chisel, arrowheads, and other gear belonging to a Bronze Age warrior have been uncovered on a 3,300-year-old battlefield in Germany. Read More >>

Social Inequality, Marriage Habits, and Other Clues to Bronze Age Life Revealed in New Study

A fascinating new study chronicles the family histories of European Bronze Age households, revealing the presence of surprising marital practices, patterns of inheritance, and the unexpected early emergence of social inequality within these homestead farms – including the possible use of slaves or servants. Read More >>

Ancient Egyptian ‘Industrial Zone’ Uncovered in Luxor’s Valley of the Monkeys

The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities has announced new archaeological discoveries in Luxor, highlighted by a remarkable “industrial zone” in which workers manufactured items for royal tombs. Read More >>

Archaeologists Are Learning More About Who and What Lived in This Famous Siberian Cave

For thousands of years, Siberia’s Denisova Cave was home to various bands of Neanderthals, Denisovans, and modern humans. But as new research shows, animals occupied this cave more frequently than not, showcasing the pains, perils, and complexities of palaeolithic life. Read More >>

Babies in Prehistoric Europe Drank Animal Milk From Ceramic ‘Sippy Cups’

A chemical analysis of pottery feeding vessels from the Bronze and Iron Ages suggests prehistoric European babies and toddlers had diets supplemented with, and possibly replaced by, animal milk, in what’s potentially the earliest archaeological evidence of infant weaning. Read More >>

Facial Reconstruction Shows What the Enigmatic Denisovans Might Have Looked Like

A pinky finger bone, some teeth, and a lower jaw. That’s all the physical evidence we have of the mysterious Denisovans, an extinct group of hominins closely related to the Neanderthals. Remarkable new research offers a physical reconstruction of the Denisovans based on genetic evidence, providing our first potential glimpse of this ancient human species. Read More >>

Submerged for Decades, Spanish ‘Stonehenge’ Reemerges After Drought

Receding water levels in Spain’s Valdecañas Reservoir has exposed a stone monument dating back to between 4,000 to 5,000 years ago. Read More >>

Famous ‘Lovers of Modena’ Skeletons Were Young Men, New Analysis Finds

A new analysis of the Lovers of Modena – a pair of 1,600-year-old skeletons found buried with their hands clasped together – reveals the pair as being male, in a discovery unique to archaeology. Read More >>

Trove of Neanderthal Footprints Provide an Unprecedented Glimpse Into Prehistoric Life

Scientists in France have discovered hundreds of fossilised footprints belonging to a single group of Neanderthals. At 80,000 years old, the prints chronicle a single, precious moment in the lives of these extinct hominins. Read More >>

Incredible Fossil Discovery Finally Puts a Face on an Elusive Early Hominin

The discovery of a nearly intact skull in Ethiopia is the first to show the facial characteristics of a critically important species linked to early hominin evolution. At the same time, the 3.8-million-year-old fossil is further complicating our understanding of Australopithecus—the genus that likely gave rise to humans. Read More >>

This Rock Shelter in Ethiopia May Be the Earliest Evidence of Humans Living in the Mountains

Archaeologists working in the Bale Mountains of Ethiopia have uncovered the earliest evidence to date of human habitation in a high-altitude environment. Living over 11,000 feet above sea level, these early mountaineers ate rodents to survive the harsh ice age conditions. Read More >>

Fragment of Medieval Poem About a Talking Vulva Found in Austrian Library

The surprising discovery of a fragment inscribed with an old German poem, in which a female virgin argues with her genitals about who is more desirable to men, pushes the origin of the poem back 200 years, changing our conceptions of sexuality in the Middle Ages. Read More >>

Ancient Skull Fragment Pushes Back Date of Earliest Humans in Europe

A comprehensive re-analysis of a skull fragment found in a Greek cave back in the late 1970s suggests early modern humans were present in Eurasia some 210,000 years ago. It’s the earliest indication of our species on the continent, but the lack of supporting archaeological evidence raises some questions. Read More >>

Woodstock ‘Took on a Life of its Own,’ Recent Archaeological Survey Reveals

The 50th anniversary of the Woodstock music festival is fast approaching, and though the iconic cultural event still resides within living memory, the site is now the subject of archaeological inquiry. As new research shows, Woodstock was more even more chaotic and spontaneous than we imagined. Read More >>

One of the World’s Most Ancient Cities Experienced Surprisingly Modern Problems

New archaeological evidence suggests the inhabitants of Çatalhöyük, an ancient city founded over 9,000 years ago in what is now Turkey, were subject to many urban problems we’re familiar with today, including overcrowding, interpersonal violence, and sanitation issues. Read More >>